IS HUAWEI A SECURITY THREAT? SEVEN EXPERTS WEIGH IN - TECH

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Sunday, March 17, 2019

IS HUAWEI A SECURITY THREAT? SEVEN EXPERTS WEIGH IN


The government of the United States is taking harsh measures against Huawei. Lawmakers and intelligence officials have claimed that China's government could exploit the telecommunications giant for espionage, posing a potentially serious national security risk, especially when the US UU Build your next generation 5G network. To address that threat, officials say, they have blocked the government's use of the company's equipment, while the Justice Department has also accused Huawei's chief financial officer of violating sanctions against Iran and the company itself by stealing trade secrets.

Huawei's response has been simple: it is not a threat to security. The most important thing is that the company's leaders have said that EE. UU It has not presented evidence that it functions inappropriately with the Chinese government or that it will do so in the future. In addition, they say, there are ways to mitigate risk, which have worked successfully in other countries. The president of Huawei has even gone so far as to call the US government a hypocrite, criticizing China, while the National Security Agency spies around the world. The company has also denied any criminal offense.


HUAWEI'S RESPONSE HAS BEEN SIMPLE: IT IS NOT A SECURITY THREAT

Earlier this month, Huawei increased the stakes again. In a lawsuit, the company asked a court to determine that the United States government's ban on its products is unconstitutional. Huawei's rotating president said that after failing to convince US lawmakers that their products were safe, they "had no other choice," but to make a legal challenge.

Regardless of how the suit is shaken, it will hardly be the last shot in the ongoing battle. Is the right of the United States to attack Chinese equipment manufacturers such as Huawei, or is the company, as claimed, unjustly slandered? The Verge summoned experts, from prominent observers from China to Senator Marco Rubio, to give their opinion.

The answers have been slightly edited for their length and consistency.

ROBERT WILLIAMS, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, CENTRO PAUL TSAI CHINA, YALE RIGHT SCHOOL

If one sees 5G telecommunications networks as a critical infrastructure, then the lack of evidence that a company has tampered with its hardware previously at the behest of a foreign government is not willing to allow that company's equipment in 5G networks. The question is whether the risks of espionage or sabotage are unacceptably high, which depends in part on whether the company can credibly claim that it is independent of the foreign government in question. This may help explain why Western governments broadly agree that Huawei poses security risks, even to the extent that they can differ on how to manage or mitigate those risks.

SEN. MARCO RUBIO (R-FL)
Huawei is a Chinese telecommunications company run by the state with a singular goal: to undermine foreign competition by stealing trade secrets and intellectual property, and through artificially low prices backed by the Chinese government. The Chinese communist government represents the biggest long-term threat to the national and economic security of the United States, and the United States must be vigilant to prevent Chinese state-run telecommunications companies, such as Huawei and ZTE, from undermining and endangering the 5G networks of the United States. Future cutting-edge industries, such as driverless vehicles and the Internet of things, will depend on this critical technology, and any action that threatens our 21st century industries to develop and deploy 5G will undoubtedly undermine our national and economic security.

I'm not sure we can trust a Huawei audit any more than we can trust that the Chinese government will provide intelligence information that proves that intellectual property is not stolen from US companies. No audit can reveal a future order from the Chinese government to provide them with data. I know. UU They must develop a long-term governance strategy to protect against the theft of state-sponsored technology and the risks to critical supply chains. We must also recognize that the continuing threat posed by the Chinese government's assault on the intellectual property of the United States. UU., To the companies of the EE. UU And to our governmental networks and information it has the full support of the Communist Party of China.

Qing WANG, PROFESSOR OF MARKETING AND INNOVATION, UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK

Is Huawei a threat to security? There is no solid evidence to support this notion, and some of the reasons given.

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